Psychoanalysis in Film

Psychoanalysis entered into film theory in the 1970s with Laura Mulvey’s seminal paper Visual Pleasure in Narrative Cinema (1975). Initially, Psychoanalysis and its core concepts: the id (the primal, impulsive and selfish part of the psyche), the ego (the realistic mediator between id and super-ego) and the super-ego (the moral conscience) were established by Sigmund Freud (Freud, 1921).

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Ideology in Film


Hawkes argues that a person is a reflection of their environment and that their ‘personality’ is a composite of stimuli such as images and attitudes accumulated throughout life (Hawkes, 1996); the sum of this accumulation constitutes any one person’s ideology. Ideology can be a set of beliefs for exa Continue reading “Ideology in Film”